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Shifan Zhang「张式范」(Chinese, born 1956)

Facekini mask,spring/summer 2016

Polychrome synthetic jersey  

Courtesy of Shifan Zhang


Diving Ensemble Gifted by Zhonghuaxun Swimming and Diving Gear




Working in a swimming and gear shop in Qingdao, China, Shifan Zhang would often hear customers complain that there were no effective ways to block the sun’s rays  or protect from jellyfish stings at the beach. A beach lover herself, Zhang created the  facekini for herself and her friends. By 2004, Facekini masks grew in popularity throughout China, and Zhang created a variety of designs in vibrant colors and patterns, including the Beijing Opera mask displayed here.   Zhang constructs the masks with  holes cut into the shape of facial features and extends its length  to cover the shoulders. These  design details help the wearer maintain their “human” identity while simultaneously supporting their participation in outdoor activities.


“Meta Body” Ensemble

Angel Pan (Canadian, born 2000)

Shirt and skirt, autumn/winter 2021–22

Shirt of red cotton lace and recycled metal wire, embroidered with metal beads, and trimmed with red tassel; Skirt of red cotton lace, metal wire and red crochet appliqué 

Courtesy Angel Pan Studio

Xitong Ivy Liu (Chinese, born 2001)

Headpiece, autumn/winter 2021–22

“Flesh Mask” headpiece of red recycled rayon yarn, recycled cotton lace, and recycled wire fiber, embroidered with glass beads .

Courtesy Xitong Ivy Liu



“Meta Body” is the creation of a meta-creature, one which has the skin and flesh of a human body but the core of a machine. In this project, designers Angel Pan and Xitong Ivy Liu collaborate to create a creature from a fantasized dystopian world, where inhabitants wear the skin and flesh of a human as camouflage. The ensemble conceals the wearer’s identity and distances them from others. Variations in material and techniques are used to highlight connections between soft structures and metals, thereby simulating the flesh and bone of the human body. The ensemble prompts an interrogation of human dress practice and its meaning. 

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